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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif.

Genus: Olea subgenus: Olea section: Olea
Family: Oleaceae tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 410990
Place of publication: L'Olivicoltore 19:96. 1942
Name verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Jan-2004
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:


Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide J Biogeogr 34:741. 2007)
  • Environmental: potential as shade/shelter   (as wind screen fide Pl Sci 107:201. 2008)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock for olive   (fide Pl Sci 175:208. 2008)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of olive   (based on natural hybridization with Olea europaea subsp. europaea fide Heredity 99:617. 2007; but see also Pl Sci 175:203. 2008)
  • Materials: wood   (timber fide Teketay 1993, as O. africana)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda; Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran
    China: China - Sichuan, Yunnan
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii


  • Besnard, G. et al. 2007. On the origin of the invasive olives (Olea europaea L., Oleaceae). Heredity 99:608–619.
  • Besnard, G. et al. 2008. Polyploidy in the olive complex (Olea europaea): Evidence from flow cytometry and nuclear microsatellite analyses. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 101:25–30. [as a diploid taxon].
  • Besnard, G. et al. 2009. Plastid and nuclear DNA polymorphism reveals historical processes of isolation and reticulation in the olive tree complex (Olea europaea). J. Biogeogr. 34:736–752.
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Breton, C. et al. 2008. Reply to comment on Breton et al.: "Taming the wild and 'wilding' the tame: Tree breeding and dispersal in Australia and the Mediterranean". Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 175:208–209.
  • Breton, C. et al. 2008. Taming the wild and 'wilding' the tame: Tree breeding and dispersal in Australia and the Mediterranean. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 175:197–205.
  • Cuneo, P. & M. R. Leishman. 2006. African olive (Olea europaea subsp. cuspidata) as an environmental weed in Australia: a review. Cunninghamia 9:545–577.
  • Friis, I. 1992. Forests and forest trees of Northeast Tropical Africa.
  • Green, P. S. 2002. A revision of Olea L. Kew Bull. 57:95–97.
  • Hannachi, H. et al. 2009. Oleaster (var. sylvestris) and subsp. cuspidata are suitable genetic resources for improvement of the olive (Olea europaea subsp. europaea var. europaea). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:393–403.
  • Médail, F. et al. 2001. Systematics, ecology and phylogeographic significance of Olea europaea L. ssp. maroccana (Greuter and Burdet) P. Vargas et al., a relictual olive tree in south-west Morocco. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137:250.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops


  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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