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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Triadica sebifera (L.) Small

Genus: Triadica
Family: Euphorbiaceae subfamily: Euphorbioideae tribe: Hippomaneae subtribe: Hippomaninae
Nomen number: 410718
Place of publication: Man. s.e. fl. 789. 1933
Name verified on: 12-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
FL(as Sapium sebiferum)*, MS(as Sapium sebiferum)*, PR(as Sapium sebiferum)*, TX*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

Common names:

  • candleberry-tree   (Source: F LowYangtze [as Sapium sebiferum]) – English
  • Chinese tallowtree   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • popcorntree   (Source: Rep NCEPPC [as Sapium sebiferum]) – English
  • tallowtree   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Sapium sebiferum]) – English
  • wu jiu   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • arbre à suif   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Sapium sebiferum]) – French
  • boiré   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Sapium sebiferum]) – French
  • chinesischer Talgbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Sapium sebiferum]) – German
  • kasumbi   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 14:138. [as Triadica sebiferum]) – Indonesian
  • kirendang   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 14:138. [as Triadica sebiferum]) – Indonesian (Java)
  • nankin-haze   (Source: F Japan [as Sapium sebiferum]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • árvore-do-sebo   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • pau-do-sebo   (Source: PROTA4U ) – Portuguese
  • leiteiro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005 [as Sapium sebiferum]) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • árbol del sebo   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Sapium sebiferum]) – Spanish
  • kinesiskt talgträd   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide Cornucopia, as Sapium sebiferum; CultTropS, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol   (fide Goffman & Gomez 1996, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: lipids   (for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials: wax   (oil used for manufacturing candles and soaps fide Dict Econ Pl, as Sapium sebiferum)
  • Materials: wood   (fide PROTA4U)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Pl Res SEAs 14:139. 2001)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Weed   (fide Rep NCEPPC, as Sapium sebiferum; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional range:

    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Indo-China: Vietnam

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Eastern Asia: Japan
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Pakistan
    Malesia: Indonesia; Singapore
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

    Caucasus: Georgia
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
  • lesser cultivated elsewhere




Check other web resources for Triadica sebifera (L.) Small:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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