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Taxon: Vaccinium virgatum Aiton

Genus: Vaccinium section: Cyanococcus
Family: Ericaceae subfamily: Vaccinioideae tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41068
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:12. 1789
Name verified on: 10-Jun-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 64 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘VACCINIUM’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • rabbit-eye blueberry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • southern black blueberry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • swamp blueberry   (Source: F S Mid Atl US ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: crop quality for highbush blueberry   (fide Acta Hort 810:53. 2009)
  • Gene sources: drought resistance for highbush blueberry   (fide Acta Hort 810:53. 2009)
  • Gene sources: early maturity for highbush blueberry   (fide Acta Hort 810:54. 2009)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rabbit-eye blueberry   (fide Acta Hort 810:54. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of highbush blueberry   (based on crossability among members of the section fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 119. 2008)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement. Acta Hort. 810:49–60.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:225. [= V. ashei J. M. Reade, V. amoenum Aiton].
  • Dweikat, I. M. & P. M. Lyrene. 1989. Production and evaluation of a synthetic hexaploid in blueberry. Theor. Appl. Genet. 77:799–804. [as Vaccinium ashei].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. [= V. corymbosum L.].
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. [= V. ashei J. M. Reade].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries. In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 4:115–149. [this review included this hexaploid as Vaccinium ashei; it mentioned its potential uses in blueberry breeding].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. Lectotypification of Cyanococcus cuthbertii Small (Ericaceae). Sida 12:293.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia. Castanea 52:231.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1980. The taxonomy of the highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum. Canad. J. Bot. 58:1195. [= V. corymbosum L.].
  • Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.


Check other web resources for Vaccinium virgatum Aiton:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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