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Taxon: Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.

Genus: Vaccinium section: Cyanococcus
Family: Ericaceae subfamily: Vaccinioideae tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 41039
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 1:234. 1803
Name verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘VACCINIUM’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Canada blueberry   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • sourtop   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • sourtop blueberry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • velvetleaf blueberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • bleuet fausse-myrtille   (Source: F NAmer ) – French

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (used in N. America, fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for lowbush blueberry   (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: crop quality for lowbush blueberry   (fide Wild Crop Rel Temp Fr 198. 2011)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of lowbush blueberry   (fide Acta Hort 810:50. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 119. 2008)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory [s.]
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland [Labrador], Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana [n.], Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio [n.e.], Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois [n.], Iowa [n.e.], Minnesota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Montana [n.]
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia [w.]


  • Ballington, J. R. 2009. The role of interspecific hybridization in blueberry improvement. Acta Hort. 810:49–60.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Blueberries and cranberries. In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 4:115–149.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ratnaparkhe, M. B. 2007. Chapter 10. Blueberry. In: Kole. C., ed., Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) 4:217–227.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Song, G.-Q. & J. F. Hancock. 2011. Chapter 10. Vaccinium. Pp. 197–221 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1986. Updating the genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in West Virginia. Castanea 51:199.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia. Castanea 52:237.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. & I. V. Hall. 1981. The biological flora of Canada. 2. Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx., velvet-leaf blueberry. Canad. Field-Naturalist 95:329–345.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. & J. Pither. 2000. Is fall burning preferable to spring burning for promoting growth characteristics favorable for mechanical harvesting in Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux? HortScience 35:608–610.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1983. The taxonomy of Vaccinium section Cyanococcus: a summation. Canad. J. Bot. 61:256–266.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1994. The burning tolerance of Vaccinium myrtilloides Michaux. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 74:577–579.
  • Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  • Yarborough, D. E. 2012. Establishment and management of the cultivated lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium). Int. J. Fruit Sci. 12:14–22.


Check other web resources for Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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