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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Vaccinium arboreum Marshall

Genus: Vaccinium section: Batodendron
Family: Ericaceae subfamily: Vaccinioideae tribe: Vaccinieae
Nomen number: 40984
Place of publication: Arbust. Amer. 157. 1785
Name verified on: 14-Jan-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 31 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘VACCINIUM’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • farkleberry   (Source: Castanea 52:250.1987) – English
  • sparkleberry   (Source: Castanea 61:139.1996) – English
  • winter-huckleberry   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: growth habit for highbush blueberry   (fide HortTechnol 23:419. 2013)
  • Gene sources: potential for drought resistance in highbush blueberry   (fide Euphytica 171:269. 2010)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of highbush blueberry   (based on failed crosses with 4x Vaccinium corymbosum fide Euphytica 94:21. 1997)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)


  • Chavez, D. J. & P. M. Lyrene. 2010. Hybridization of two diploid Vaccinium section Cyanococcus species with diploid Vaccinum arboreum in section Batodendron. Euphytica 171:263–272. [this study examined crosses between diploid Vaccinium arboreum and diploids V. darrowii and V. fuscatum].
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:225.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Lyrene, P. 1997. Value of various taxa in breeding tetraploid blueberries in Florida. Euphytica 94:15–22. [this study reported the use of Vaccinium arboreum as a male parent in crosses with V. darrowii, the resulting hybrids were crossed with 4x V. corymbosum].
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Olmstead, J. W. et al. 2013. Using sparkleberry as a genetic source for machine harvest traits for southern highbush blueberry. HortTechnol. 23:419–424.
  • Song, G.-Q. & J. F. Hancock. 2011. Chapter 10. Vaccinium. Pp. 197–221 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Uttal, L. J. 1987. The genus Vaccinium L. (Ericaceae) in Virginia. Castanea 52:250.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America.
  • Vander Kloet, S. P. 1996. Vaccinium. In: J. L. Luteyn et al., Ericaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 61:139.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Vaccinium arboreum Marshall:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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