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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Urtica dioica L.

Genus: Urtica
Family: Urticaceae
Nomen number: 40944
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:984. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-Nov-2002
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • California nettle   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English   [Urtica dioica subsp. gracilis]
  • common nettle   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • European nettle   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • giant nettle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • nettle   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • stinging nettle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • stinging nettle   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English   [Urtica dioica subsp. dioica]
  • gan su yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Urtica dioica subsp. gansuensis]
  • wei jian yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Urtica dioica subsp. afghanica]
  • yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • grande ortie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • ortie   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • große Brennessel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ortiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • urtiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • urtigão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-maior   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-mansa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-vermelha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • chichicaste   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • ortiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • brännässla   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    China: China - Gansu [e.], Qinghai, Sichuan [n.w.], Xinjiang [w.], Xizang
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory [s.w.], Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [n.e.], Delaware, Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi [w.], North Carolina [w.], Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Sonora

  • naturalized elsewhere




Check other web resources for Urtica dioica L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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