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Taxon: Urtica dioica L.

Genus: Urtica
Family: Urticaceae.
Nomen number: 40944
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:984. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-Nov-2002
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • California nettle   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English   [Urtica dioica subsp. gracilis]
  • common nettle   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • European nettle   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • giant nettle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • nettle   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • stinging nettle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • stinging nettle   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English   [Urtica dioica subsp. dioica]
  • gan su yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Urtica dioica subsp. gansuensis]
  • wei jian yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Urtica dioica subsp. afghanica]
  • yi zhu qian ma   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • grande ortie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • ortie   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • große Brennessel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ortiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • urtiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • urtigão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-maior   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-mansa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • urtiga-vermelha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • chichicaste   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • ortiga   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • brännässla   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    China: China - Gansu [e.], Qinghai, Sichuan [n.w.], Xinjiang [w.], Xizang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory [s.w.], Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [n.e.], Delaware, Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi [w.], North Carolina [w.], Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Sonora

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten. 1979–1981. Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979–1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Woodland, D. W. 1982. Biosystematics of the perennial North American taxa of Urtica. II. Taxonomy. Syst. Bot. 7:282–290.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Urtica dioica L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?40944 (23 April 2014)

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