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Taxon: Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean

Genus: Hedera
Family: Araliaceae subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 409418
Place of publication: Trees shrubs hardy Brit. Isles 1:609. 1914 (É. Carrière, Rev. Hort. 62:163. 1890, nom. inval.)
Comment: Carrière did not provide a description or diagnosis to validly publish H. hibernica independent of his H. hibernica aureo-marginata and H. hibernica marginata, both of which were described, so none of these names was validly published under Melbourne ICN Art. 35.1, and thus Melbourne ICN Art. 41.4 cannot be applied to base the species on Kirchner's basionym
Name verified on: 19-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Aug-2015
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • Atlantic ivy   (Source: F BritStace [as H. helix subsp. hibernica]) – English
  • Irish ivy   (Source: F BritStace [as H. helix subsp. hibernica]) – English
  • lierre d'Irlande   (Source: Zander Ency ) – French
  • irischer Efeu   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Weed   (fide Ivy J 30:5-71. 2004)

Distributional range:

    Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

    United States

  • widely cultivated


  • Ackerfield, J. 2001. Trichome morphology in Hedera (Araliaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58:259–267.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. [lists as H. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [lists as H. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Carrière].
  • Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin. 2004. World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae. [lists as H. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Carrière].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as H. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Carrière].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= H. helix var. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) H. Jaeger].
  • McAllister, H. A. & A. Rutherford. 1990. Hedera helix L. and H. hibernica (Kirchner) Bean (Araliaceae) in the British Isles. Watsonia 18:7–15. [lists as H. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean].
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. [= Hedera helix subsp. hibernica (G. Kirchn.) D. C. McClint.].
  • Sulgrove, S. M. 2004. Is ivy invasive? What's known about ivy. An overview of the characteristics and behavior of ivy, a review of the ivy literature, and a discussion of whether ivy is invasive. Ivy J. 30:5–71.


Check other web resources for Hedera hibernica (G. Kirchn.) Bean:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Hedera hibernica cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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