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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Aristolochia clematitis L.

Genus: Aristolochia
Family: Aristolochiaceae subfamily: Aristolochioideae
Nomen number: 4086
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:962. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 06-Jun-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Jun-2000
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • birthwort   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • heartwort   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • pijpbloem   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Dutch
  • aristoloche clématite   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • sarrasine   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • gemeine Osterluzei   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • gewöhnliche Osterluzei   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Wolfskraut   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • hålrot   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Northern Europe: Denmark
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain [n.e. & Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Northern Europe: Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, Quebec
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maryland

  • also cultivated in temperate regions



Check other web resources for Aristolochia clematitis L.:


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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