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Taxon: Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.

Genus: Cyanthillium
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Cichorioideae tribe: Vernonieae subtribe: Erlangeinae
Nomen number: 406954
Place of publication: Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 103:252. 1990
Name verified on: 06-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 06-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • little ironweed   (Source: WorldWeeds 906. 1997 [as Vernonia cinerea]) – English
  • ye xiang niu   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Vernonia cinerea]) – Transcribed Chinese

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide WorldWeeds 906. 1997, as Vernonia cinerea)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 906. 1997, as Vernonia cinerea)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):496. 1999, as Vernonia cinerea)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):496. 1999, as Vernonia cinerea; Herbs Commerce ed2, as Vernonia cinerea)
  • Weed   (fide Atlas WWeed, as Vernonia cinerea)

Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia [n.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Kiribati - Line Islands; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Kiribati - Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands; New Caledonia; Niue; Tonga; Wallis and Futuna Islands
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Robinson, H. 1999. Generic and subtribal classification of American Vernonieae. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 89:65.


Check other web resources for Cyanthillium cinereum (L.) H. Rob.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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