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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn.

Genus: Triticum section: Dicoccoidea
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Triticeae
Nomen number: 406896
Place of publication: Graminees 4:80. 1899
Comment: or T. turgidum Durum Group
Name verified on: 20-Mar-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 07-Oct-2008
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC).
Accessions: 8476 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘WHEAT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • durum wheat   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • hard wheat   (Source: Pap AU Wagen 94-7:91) – English
  • kamut   (Source: L. Morrison, p.c. [via email on 19 Dec 2002]) – English
  • macaroni wheat   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • ying li xiao mai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • blé dur   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – French
  • Durumweizen   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – German
  • Glasweizen   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – German
  • Makkaroniweizen   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – German
  • frumento duro   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • trigo-duro   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – Portuguese
  • trigo moruno   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – Spanish
  • trigo-duro   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. durum]) – Spanish
  • durumvete   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: cereal   (fide Cornucopia, as Triticum durum)
  • Human food: starch   (fide Cornucopia, as Triticum durum)

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated



Check other web resources for Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Caryopses: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Caryopses: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Typical spikes: National Small Grains Collection image
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to GrainGenes: A database for Triticeae and Avena

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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