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Taxon: Papaver somniferum L.

Genus: Papaver section: Papaver
Family: Papaveraceae subfamily: Papaveroideae tribe: Papavereae.
Nomen number: 406377
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:508. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 30-Aug-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 31-Dec-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
WV*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • oilseed poppy   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • opium poppy   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • opium poppy   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • small opium poppy   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • small-flower opium poppy   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English   [Papaver somniferum subsp. setigerum]
  • wild poppy   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • ābu el-num   (Source: F Saudi ed3 ) – Arabic
  • khishkhash   (Source: F Saudi ed3 ) – Arabic
  • ying su   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • oeillette   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • pavot somnifère   (Source: L Noms French ed6 ) – French   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • Schlafmohn   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • Schlafmohn   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • papavero da oppio   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • keshi   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • yanggwibi   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • dormideira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • papoula   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • adormidera   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • amapola real   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Papaver somniferum subsp. somniferum]
  • opievallmo   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete [possibly]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [s. & Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • sometimes naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Papaver somniferum L.:


Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?406377 (02 September 2014)

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