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Taxon: Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott

Genus: Bassia
Family: Chenopodiaceae subfamily: Salsoloideae tribe: Camphorosmeae. Also placed in: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 404228
Place of publication: Feddes Repert. 89:108. 1978
Comment: publication of this combination by A. Voss, Deutsch. Gartenrat 1(37):289-290. 1903 is reported in some references
Name verified on: 09-Feb-1998 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arid Land Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PARL).


A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CT*, OH*°, OR(as Kochia scoparia)*, WA(as Kochia scoparia)*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • belvedere   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • burningbush   (Source: Pl Book ) – English
  • kochia   (Source: Invaders Database [as Kochia scoparia]) – English
  • Mexican firebrush   (Source: F GPlains ) – English
  • Mexican fireweed   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • mock cypress   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • summer-cypress   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • di fu   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Kochia scoparia]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ansérine belvédère   (Source: Zander Ency ) – French
  • Besen-Radmelde   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Besenkraut   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • hōkigi   (Source: F JapanOhwi [as Kochia scoparia]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • daepssari   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:83.) – Transcribed Korean
  • mirabela   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • mirabel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • sommarcypress   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Primorye
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: Nepal
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part

    Northern Africa: Morocco
    Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Israel
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    Eastern Asia: Japan
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
    United States
    Southern South America: Argentina

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ball, P. W. 1998. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Pp. 255–267 in: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Everest, S. L. 1981. Poisonous plants of Australia. [poisonous].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. [= Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad.].
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. [= Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad.].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Judd, W. S. 1999. The genera of Chenopodiaceae in the southeastern United States. Harvard Pap. Bot. 4:404.
  • Kadereit, G. & H. Freitag. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of Camphorosmeae (Camphorosmoideae, Chenopodiaceae): implications for biogeography, evolution of C4-photosynthesis and taxonomy. Taxon 60:73.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:83.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). [= Kochia scoparia].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. [lists as B. scoparia (L.) Voss.].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • USDA/ARS. INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource). [= Kochia scoparia].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott:


  • Fruit and seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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