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Taxon: Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.

Genus: Lamium
Family: Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) subfamily: Lamioideae
Nomen number: 403966
Place of publication: Amoen. acad. 4:485. 1759 (H. J. N. von Crantz, Stirp. austr. fasc. ed. 2, 2:262. 1769)
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: the argument has been made that the designation "Lamium galeobdolon" L. (1759) was the result of a typographical error, as explained by Stearn (in Geck & Pressler, Festschr. Claus Nissen: 631. 1974), for what was apparently intended as Galeopsis galeobdolon L.; while this may be so we cannot know this for certain, and accept what was actually printed as what was intended (fide K. Gandhi & W. Greuter, pers. comm. via e-mails on 15-16 Jul 2014)
Name verified on: 16-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Jul-2014
No species priority site assigned.


A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
OR(as Lamiastrum galeobdolon)*, WA(as Lamiastrum galeobdolon)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • yellow archangel   (Source: Hortus 3 [as Lamiastrum galeobdolon]) – English
  • lamier doré   (Source: Zander Ency ) – French
  • echte Goldnessel   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • gewöhnliche Goldnessel   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • gulplister   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Turkey [n.]
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland [s.]; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom - England [e.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [n.]; Italy; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain [n.]

    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand. [= Galeobdolon luteum Huds.].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Galeobdolon luteum Huds.].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.].
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.].
  • Jarvis, C. 2007. Order out of chaos: Linnean plant names and their types. 611. [discusses typographical error of Linnaeus (1759)].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Galeobdolon luteum Huds.].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.) Ehrend. & Polatschek].
  • Mennema, J. 1989. A taxonomic revision of Lamium (Lamiaceae). Leiden Bot. Ser. 11:36. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Stearn, W. T. 1973. Magnol's Botanicum Monspeliense and Linnaeus's Flora Monspeliensis. P. 631 in: Geck, E. & G. Pressler, eds., Festschrift für Claus Nissen : zum siebzigsten Geburtstag, 2. Sept. 1971. [discusses typographical error of Linnaeus (1759)].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [lists as L. galeobdolon (L.) L.; = Lamiastrum galeobdolon (L.) Ehrend. & Polatschek].


Check other web resources for Lamium galeobdolon (L.) L.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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