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Taxon: Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. subsp. setosum (Sw.) Brunken

Genus: Pennisetum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae.
Nomen number: 403075
Place of publication: Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 79:63. 1979
Name verified on: 17-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Apr-2012
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS (as Pennisetum polystachion).

See other conspecific taxa:


Economic importance:

  • Animal food: fodder   (fide Euphytica 97:16. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA, as Pennisetum polystachion)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Congo; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Nigeria; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; India
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida [s.]
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas [s.e.]
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona [s.], Nevada [s.]
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Thailand
  • PACIFIC
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. [treats as P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • Brunken, J. N. 1979. Morphometric variation and the classification of Pennisetum section Brevivalvula (Gramineae) in tropical Africa. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 79:51–64.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana. [= P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca. [= P. polystachion (L.) Schult.].
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles. [treats as P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969 [treats as P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. [treats as P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • Schmelzer, G. H. 1997. Review of Pennisetum section Brevivalvula (Poaceae). Euphytica 97:1–20. [= P. setosum (Sw.) Rich.].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [= P. polystachion (L.) Schult.].

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult. subsp. setosum (Sw.) Brunken:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Images:

More:
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?403075 (24 November 2014)

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