USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Viola sororia Willd.

Genus: Viola
Family: Violaceae subfamily: Violoideae tribe: Violeae.
Nomen number: 402751
Place of publication: Enum. pl. 1:72. 1809
Name verified on: 14-Nov-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Feb-2004
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • banded violet   (Source: Dict Gard [as V. missouriensis]) – English   [Viola sororia var. missouriensis]
  • bayou violet   (Source: F NC Tex ) – English
  • blue praire violet   (Source: F NC Tex ) – English
  • common blue violet   (Source: F Florida ) – English
  • Confederate violet   (Source: Hortus 3 [as V. sororia f. priceana]) – English   [Viola sororia var. sororia]
  • dooryard violet   (Source: Glea Cron ed2 ) – English
  • downy blue violet   (Source: F IllJones ) – English
  • Missouri violet   (Source: Hortus 3 [as V. missouriensis]) – English   [Viola sororia var. missouriensis]
  • northern blue violet   (Source: Hortus 3 [as V. septentrionalis]) – English   [Viola sororia var. sororia]
  • northern bog violet   (Source: Hortus 3 [as V. nephrophylla]) – English   [Viola sororia var. sororia]
  • sister violet   (Source: F NC Tex ) – English
  • violet   (Source: Herbs Commerce ) – English
  • woolly blue violet   (Source: F New Brunswick ) – English
  • violette septentrionale   (Source: F New Brunswick ) – French
  • amerika-fuki-sumire   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • amerika-sumire-saishin   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ögonviol   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Viola sororia var. sororia]
  • fjärilsviol   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • American Herbal Products Association. 1992. Herbs of commerce.
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 1999. Shinner's and Mahler's illustrated flora of North Central Texas.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hinds, H. R. 2000. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McKinney, L. A. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America. Sida, Bot. Misc. 7:34.
  • McKinney, L. E. & N. H. Russell. 2002. Violaceae of the southeastern United States. Castanea 67:378.
  • McKinney, L. E. 1992. A taxonomic revision of the acaulescent blue violets (Viola) of North America.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. [= V. palmata var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard].
  • Russell, N. H. 1965. Violets (Viola) of central and eastern United States: An introductory survey. Sida 2:60.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the vascular plants of Florida.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Viola sororia Willd.:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?402751 (02 September 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print