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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Pulmonaria officinalis L.

Genus: Pulmonaria
Family: Boraginaceae subfamily: Boraginoideae
Nomen number: 402677
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:135. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 29-Jan-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Feb-2004
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • bloody-butcher   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • boys-and-girls   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • hundreds-and-thousands   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • Jerusalem cowslip   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • Jerusalem-sage   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • Joseph-and-Mary   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • lungwort   (Source: Herbs Commerce ) – English
  • Mary-spilt-the-milk   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • soldiers-and sailors   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • spotted-dog   (Source: Pulmonaria ) – English
  • pulmonaire officinale   (Source: Zander Ency ) – French
  • echtes Lungenkraut   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • kleingeflecktes Lungenkraut   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • fläcklungört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Northern Europe: Denmark; Sweden [s.]
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [w.]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [n.]; Italy; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France

  • also cultivated



Check other web resources for Pulmonaria officinalis L.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (31 August 2015)

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