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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss.

Genus: Talinum
Family: Talinaceae. Also placed in: Portulacaceae
Nomen number: 402262
Place of publication: Gen. pl. 312. 1789
Comment: the formerly disregarded basionym, Portulaca fruticosa L., was effectively lectotypified by Wijnands & Westphal-Stevels in Taxon 34:309. 1985, making it homotypic with T. triangulare (Jacq.) Willd., over which it has priority
Name verified on: 19-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 19-Feb-2003
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • Ceylon-spinach   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – English
  • Philippine-spinach   (Source: F Guat [as T. triangulare]) – English
  • Surinam-purslane   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – English
  • sweetheart   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – English
  • waterleaf   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 8:268. [as T. triangulare]) – English
  • Surinaamsche postelein   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – Dutch
  • grand pourpier   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – French
  • grassé   (Source: PROTA4U [as T. triangulare]) – French
  • grassé grand pourpier   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – French
  • pourpier tropical   (Source: PROTA4U [as T. triangulare]) – French
  • Blatt-Ginseng   (Source: Zander Ency [as T. triangulare]) – German
  • Ceylonspinat   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – German
  • Javaspinat   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – German
  • pasali   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – India
  • beldroega-graúda   (Source: PROTA4U [as T. triangulare]) – Portuguese
  • lustrosa-grande   (Source: PROTA4U [as T. triangulare]) – Portuguese
  • espinaca de Filipinas   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – Spanish
  • espinaca de Java   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – Spanish
  • espinaca de Surinam   (Source: Dict Rehm [as T. triangulare]) – Spanish
  • verdolago francés   (Source: Mansf Ency [as T. triangulare]) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard, as T. triangulare)
  • Human food: vegetable   (fide Pl Res SEAs 8:268. 1993, as T. triangulare; F NAmer)
  • Weed   (fide Econ Pl Aust, as T. triangulare)

Distributional range:

    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda - Antigua; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines - St. Vincent; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua
    Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • naturalized elsewhere

    Southern South America: Paraguay; Uruguay

  • also cultivated


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). [= T. triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.].
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1988. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 35. Taxon 37:445. [proposal not recommended].
  • Dubs, B. 1998. Prodromus florae matogrossensis. Botany of Mato Grosso, series B, no. 3.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986–. Flora of the Guianas.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= T. triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.].
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [= T. triangulare (Jacq.) Willd.].
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Wijnands, D. O. & J. M. C. Westphal-Stevels. 1985. (785) Proposal to change the citation and nomenclature of the conserved type of 2406 Talinum Adanson. Taxon 34:309–310.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999


Check other web resources for Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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