USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Pteris vittata L.

Genus: Pteris
Family: Pteridaceae
Nomen number: 401988
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1074. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 21-Apr-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-Jul-2007
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • Chinese brake   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • Chinese ladder brake   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • ladder brake   (Source: F NAmer ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Environmental: pollution control   (for arsenic accumulation fide J Environ Qual 31:1671-1675. 2002)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania [incl. Pemba, Zanzibar]; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Ghana
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Australia: Australia - Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia
    Southeastern Europe: Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: Spain
    Northwestern Pacific: Northern Mariana Islands

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    North Indian Ocean: British Indian Ocean Terr - Diego Garcia
    Middle Europe: Hungary
    Southwestern Europe: France
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Palau
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago - Trinidad; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

  • also cultivated


  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937–. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. 2:133.
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E. et al. 1985. List of species of Southern African plants, ed. 2. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa v. 51.; v. 56. 1987
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • León, B. et al. 2012. Los helechos ornamentales en el Perú (The ornamental ferns of Peru).
  • Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith. 2004. The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88:1-1054.
  • Mickel, J. T. 1994. Ferns for American gardens.
  • Nayar, B. K. & K. K. Geevarghese. 1993. Fern flora of Malabar.
  • Proctor, G. R. 1989. Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 53:1-389.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze. 1989. Part II. (13. Pteridaceae - 15. Dennstaedtiaceae). In: Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze, eds., Pteridophyta of Peru. Fieldiana, Botany new ser 22:81.
  • Tu, C. et al. 2002. Arsenic accumulation in the hyperaccumulator Chinese brake and its utilization potential for phytoremediation. J. Environm. Qual. 31:1671–1675.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.

Check other web resources for Pteris vittata L.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print