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Taxon: Cyperus iria L.

Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae subfamily: Cyperoideae tribe: Cypereae.
Nomen number: 401631
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 10-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-Dec-2009
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • grasshopper's cyperus   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • rice flat sedge   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • umbrella sedge   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • junça   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • junquinho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • três-quinas   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
More:

Economic importance:

  • Animal food: forage   (fide Kew Bull 56:296. 2001)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):227. 1999)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Mali; Niger; Nigeria [n.]; Senegal
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Gauteng, Limpopo, North West; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China [throughout]
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India [throughout]; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, New York, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sinaloa, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz
  • PACIFIC
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia - Society Islands
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Chowdhery, H. J. & B. M. Wadhwa. 1984. Flora of Himachal Pradesh.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson. 2007. World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye. 1983. Sedges and rushes of East Africa.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 1990–1993. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holttum, R. E. et al. 1953–1971. A revised flora of Malaya.
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. 1986. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):227.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rye, B. L. 1997. A synopsis of the annual species of Cyperaceae from central and southern Western Australia. Nuytsia 11:407.
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis. 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist. Kew Bull. 56:296.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983–1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:91.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
More:

Check other web resources for Cyperus iria L.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?401631 (18 December 2014)

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