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Taxon: Tridax procumbens L.

Genus: Tridax
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae).
Nomen number: 40146
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:900. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 25-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Mar-2012
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*, MA*, NC*, PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • coat-buttons   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • tridax daisy   (Source: WorldWeeds 867. 1997) – English
  • erva-de-touro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide WorldWeeds 867. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 867. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles - Saba; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador - Galapagos Islands, Guayas; Peru - Huanuco
    Southern South America: Argentina - Cordoba, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Mayotte; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    China: China - Fujian, Hainan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: British Indian Ocean Terr - Diego Garcia
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Kiribati - Line Islands
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Kiribati - Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands; Nauru; New Caledonia; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna Islands

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. 1981–. Flora of Chiapas.
  • Bulacio, E. et al. 1997. Addition to the distribution area of Tridax procumbens (Asteraceae). Lilloa 39:95.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Fosberg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet. 1975–. Flora of Micronesia, Smithsonian Contr. Bot.
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution.
  • Hyde, M. et al. Flora of Mozambique (on-line resource).
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • Powell, A. 1965. Taxonomy of Tridax (Compositae). Brittonia 17:80.
  • Press, J. R. et al. 2000–. Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Nepal (on-line resource).
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • The Missouri Botanical Garden with others. A Catalogue of the vascular plants of Madagascar (on-line resource).
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turner, I. M. 1995. A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bull. Singapore vol. 47.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wursten, B. et al. Flora of Zimbabwe (on-line resource).
More:

Check other web resources for Tridax procumbens L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?40146 (19 September 2014)

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