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Taxon: Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst.

Genus: Phoradendron
Family: Viscaceae. Also placed in: Santalaceae
Nomen number: 400661
Place of publication: Taxon 38:107. 1989
  • a pending conservation proposal, if adopted, would make P. serotinum the correct name for this species
  • not homonym of P. leucocarpum Pacz. (1911)
  • the basionym Viscum leucarpum Raf. was proposed for rejection (nom. rej. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) V. serotinum Raf., nom. cons. prop.
Name verified on: 31-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • American mistletoe   (Source: Hortus 3 [as P. serotinum]) – English
  • eastern mistletoe   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • hairy mistletoe   (Source: F GPlains [as P. tomentosum]) – English
  • oak mistletoe   (Source: F CalifJep [as P. villosum]) – English
  • Pacific mistletoe   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 [as P. villosum]) – English
  • western mistletoe   (Source: F Oregon [as P. villosum]) – English

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Queretaro

  • also cultivated


  • Abbott, J. R. & R. L. Thompson. 2011. New combinations in Phoradendron leucarcum (Viscaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5:139–141.
  • Applequist, W. L. 2012. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 64. Taxon 61:1110. [proposal not recommended].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. [= P. villosum].
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kuijt, J. 2003. Monograph of Phoradendron (Viscaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 66:1–643. [= P. serotinum var. serotinum].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= P. serotinum].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2008. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, third edition. 658. [re. christmas ornamental].
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. [= P. tomentosum].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Musselman, L. J. 1996. Parasitic weeds in the Southern United States. Castanea 61:271–292.
  • Nickrent, D. L. et al. 2010. (1986) Proposal to conserve the name Viscum serotinum (Phoradendron serotinum) against V. leucarpum (Viscaceae). Taxon 59:1903–1904.
  • Ogawa, J. M. et al., eds. 1995. Compendium of stone fruit diseases. P. 47 in: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series. [= P. serotinum (Raf.) M. C. Johnst.].
  • Peck, M. 1941. A manual of the higher plants of Oregon. [= P. villosum].
  • Reveal, J. L. & M. C. Johnston. 1989. A new combination in Phoradendron (Viscaceae). Taxon 38:107–108.
  • Wiens, D. 1964. Revision of the acataphyllous species of Phoradendron. Brittonia 16:35–37. [= P. serotinum (Raf.) M. C. Johnst.].


Check other web resources for Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M. C. Johnst.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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