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Taxon: Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch

Genus: Carya section: Apocarya
Family: Juglandaceae.
Nomen number: 400196
Place of publication: Dendrologie 1:597. 1869
Name verified on: 04-Oct-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-Oct-1995
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 30 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • bitternut   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • bitternut hickory   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • pignut   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • pignut hickory   (Source: F Tex ) – English
  • swamp hickory   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • bittere Hickorynuß   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Bitternuß   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • bitternötshickory   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Fuels: charcoal   (for smoking meats fide AH 519)
  • Fuels: fuelwood   (for smoking meats fide AH 519)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of pecan   (based on evidence of interspecific hybridization with pecan fide Acta Hort 859:240. 2010)
  • Materials: wood   (planted for timber in Germany fide AH 519; F Eur)
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Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.], Quebec [s.w.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire [s.w.], New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e.], Minnesota [s.e.], Missouri, Nebraska [e.], Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida [n.w.], Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

      Cultivated:
  • EUROPE
    Europe

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Grauke, L. J. & M. A. Mendoza-Herrera. 2012. Population structure in the genus Carya. Acta Hort. 948:143–158.
  • Grauke, L. J. et al. 2010. Plastid microsatellite markers in Carya. Acta Hort. 859:237–246.
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  • Zhang, J.-B. et al. 2013. Integrated fossil and molecular data reveal the biogeographic diversification of the Eastern Asian-Eastern North American disjunct hickory genus (Carya Nutt.). PLoS One 8: e70449.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K. Koch:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?400196 (25 October 2014)

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