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Taxon: Boerhavia diffusa L.

Genus: Boerhavia
Family: Nyctaginaceae tribe: Nyctagineae.
Nomen number: 400189
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:3. 1753, nom. cons.
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:Name verified on: 12-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • red spiderling   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • spreading hogweed   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • tarvine   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • huang xi xin   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ipecacuanha de Cayenne   (Source: F Guianas ) – French (French Guiana)
  • punarnava   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • agarra-pinto   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • amarra-pinto   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • celidônia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pega-pinto   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba de cabro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (for eggplant fide WorldWeeds 111. 1997)
  • Animal food: fodder   (included in "Livol" which promotes growth in calves fide Pashudhan 12(2):4. 1997)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; F ChinaEng)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Somalia; Yemen - Socotra
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Rwanda
    West Tropical Africa: Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan [s.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, Georgia, South Carolina
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Bahamas; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Haiti; Jamaica; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles - Saba; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2000. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 49. Taxon 49:276–277. [conservation proposal recommended].
  • Burger, W. C., ed. 1971–. Flora costaricensis.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah. 1980–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978–. Flora de Veracruz.
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. 1986–. Flora of the Guianas.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 111.
  • Howard, R. 1988. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 4:177. [rejects lectotypification by Fosberg (1978)].
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liogier, A. H. 1981–. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970–. Flora of Thailand.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wheeler, G. E. 1997. Evaluation of livol as a feed ingredient for optimizing liver function and growth in veal calves. Indian J. Indig. Med. 10:27–30.
  • Whitehouse, C. 1998. (1375) Proposal to conserve the name Boerhavia diffusa (Nyctaginaceae) with a conserved type. Taxon 47:873–874.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Check other web resources for Boerhavia diffusa L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?400189 (22 October 2014)

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