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Taxon: Arctium lappa L.

Genus: Arctium
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Carduoideae tribe: Cardueae subtribe: Carduinae.
Nomen number: 3857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:816. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 24-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Feb-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • beggar's-buttons   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 12(2)) – English
  • burdock   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • edible burdock   (Source: Dict Rehm [as A. lappa var. edule]) – English
  • great burdock   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • greater burdock   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • lappa   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ) – English
  • niu bang   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • bardane comestible   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • glouteron   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • grande bardane   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • oreille de géant   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 12(2)) – French
  • eßbare Klettenwurzel   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • große Klette   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • japanische Klettenwurzel   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • gobo   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 12(2)) – Indonesian
  • gobō   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ueong   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:78.) – Transcribed Korean
  • bardana-maior   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • bardana   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • lampazo mayor   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • lapa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • stor kardborre   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan [n.]
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia [s.e.]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indo-China: Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia - Java; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

References:

  • Australia's Virtual Herbarium (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Duistermaat, H. 1996. Monograph of Arctium L. (Asteraceae). Generic delimitation (including Cousinia Cass. p.p.), revision of the species, pollen morphology, and hybrids. Gorteria suppl. 3:75.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1985. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1987. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- 6(4):827.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:78.
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. 12(2):78–82 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(2):78–82.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Arctium lappa L.:


Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?3857 (01 October 2014)

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