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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Arachis glabrata Benth.

Genus: Arachis section: Rhizomatosae series: Rhizomatosae
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Dalbergieae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 3780
Place of publication: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 18:159. 1839
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 17-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Jan-2010
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • cocos   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]
  • perennial peanut   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]
  • rhizoma peanut   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 4:46.) – English   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]
  • amendoim-bravo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]
  • mendoim-do-campo-baixo   (Source: Bonplandia 8:104.) – Portuguese   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]
  • maní perenne   (Source: Biol Agron Arachis ) – Spanish   [Arachis glabrata var. glabrata]

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: potential for erosion control   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:46. 1992)
  • Animal food: forage   (fide Euphytica 116:187. 2000; Pl Res SEAs 4:46. 1992)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peanut   (fide Biol Arachis 7. 1994, based on recognizing species of all sections, except cross-compatible diploids (A or B-genome carriers) of sect. Arachis, as tertiary gene pool of peanut)

Distributional range:

    Brazil: Brazil - Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo
    Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, Misiones; Paraguay

    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
    Australia: Australia
    United States
    Caribbean: Cuba


  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:46.
  • Anderson, B. D. et al. 2015. Ornamental groundcover characteristics of rhizoma peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.): Shade affects height but not cover. HortScience 50:952–956.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gimenes, M. A. et al. 2000. Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships based on REPD analysis in section Caulorrhizae, genus Arachis (Leguninosae). Euphytica 116:187–195.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hermann, F. J. 1954. A synopsis of the genus Arachis. Agric. Monogr. U.S.D.A. 19:8.
  • Krapovickas, A. & W. C. Gregory. 1994. Taxonomía del género Arachis (Leguminosae). Bonplandia 8:102–105. [recognizes this perennial, tetraploid (2n=40) species, commenting on its morphological variability under var. glabrata].
  • Pereira Bravo, J. et al. 2006. Transferability and use of microsatellite markers for the genetic analysis of the germplasm of some Arachis section species of the genus Arachis. Genet. Molec. Biol. 29:516–524.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Resslar, P. M. 1980. A review of the nomenclature of the genus Arachis L. Euphytica 29:815.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Valls, J. F. M. & C. E. Simpson. 1994. Chapter 1. Taxonomy, natural distribution, and attributes of Arachis. Pp. 1–18 in: Kerridge, P. C. & B. Hardy, eds., Biology and agronomy of forage Arachis.
  • Valls, J. F. M. et al. 1985. Proceedings of an international workshop on cytogenetics of Arachis. ICRISAT. 17.
  • Wang, C. T. et al. 2011. Phylogeny of Arachis based on internal transcribed spacer sequences. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:311–319.


Check other web resources for Arachis glabrata Benth.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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