USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex Turrill

Genus: Trachyspermum
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae)
Nomen number: 36803
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929:228. 1929
Comment: no evidence that Sprague contributed any part of this work
Name verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • ajowan   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • bishop's-weed   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Ethiopian-caraway   (Source: van Wyk, pers. comm.) – English
  • kummel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English
  • ammi de l'Inde   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • indischer Kümmel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • ajawa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • ajowan   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • ajwain   (Source: R. Kumar [pers. comm., 2008]) – India
  • ajamoda   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Sanskrit

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Indian Subcontinent: India [native?]

    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan
    Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan

    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran
    Middle Asia: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    Indian Subcontinent: India


  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. [lists as T. ammi (L.) Sprague].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Kumar, R. 2008. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mukherjee, P. K. & L. Constance. 1993. Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) of India. [lists as T. ammi (L.) Sprague].
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [lists as T. ammi (L.) Sprague; = T. copticum (L.) Link].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [lists as T. ammi (L.) Sprague].
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina. [lists as T. ammi (L.) Sprague].
  • van Wyck, B. E. 2012. Review of Apiaceae Southern Africa data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm.


Check other web resources for Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex Turrill:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print