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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Tilia americana L.

Genus: Tilia
Family: Malvaceae subfamily: Tilioideae. Also placed in: Tiliaceae
Nomen number: 36668
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:514. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • American basswood   (Source: Syst Bot 15:43.) – English   [Tilia americana var. americana]
  • American lime   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Tilia americana var. americana]
  • American linden   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Tilia americana var. americana]
  • beetree   (Source: AH 519 ) – English   [Tilia americana var. heterophylla]
  • Carolina basswood   (Source: Syst Bot 15:45. 1990) – English   [Tilia americana var. caroliniana]
  • linden   (Source: AH 519 ) – English   [Tilia americana var. heterophylla]
  • Mexican basswood   (Source: Syst Bot 15:45. 1990) – English   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • white basswood   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Tilia americana var. heterophylla]
  • amerikanische Linde   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Tilia americana var. americana]
  • verschiedenblättrige Linde   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Tilia americana var. heterophylla]
  • tília   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cyrimbo   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • flor de tila   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • sirima   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • tirimo   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • tzirimo   (Source: F NGalicia ) – Spanish   [Tilia americana var. mexicana]
  • svartlind   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide Dict Econ Pl; Hortus 3)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide AH 519)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: fiber   (wood pulp and veneer, laminated wood fide AH 519)
  • Materials: wood   (wood pulp and veneer, laminated wood fide AH 519)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba [s.e.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e.], Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska [n. & e.], North Dakota [e.], Oklahoma, South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina [w.], Tennessee
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:205.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hardin, J. W. 1990. Variation patterns and recognition of varieties of Tilia americana s.l. Syst. Bot. 15:33–48.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 4:468.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.


Check other web resources for Tilia americana L.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Tilia americana cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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