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Taxon: Tamarindus indica L.

Genus: Tamarindus
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Caesalpinioideae tribe: Detarieae. Also placed in: Caesalpiniaceae
Nomen number: 36219
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:34. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 29-Jan-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 31-Jul-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • Indian tamarind   (Source: Pl Res SEAs ) – English
  • kilytree   (Source: Bot Mag 14:235. 1997) – English
  • tamarind   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • tamarin   (Source: Trop Leg ) – French
  • tamarindier   (Source: Trop Leg ) – French
  • tamarinier   (Source: Trop Leg ) – French
  • Tamarinde   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Tamarindenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • tamarindeiro   (Source: Leg WorldEc ) – Portuguese
  • tâmara-da-Índia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tamarinda   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tamarindo   (Source: B. León, p.c.) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tamarindo-do-Egito   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tamarino   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tamarindo   (Source: B. León, p.c.) – Spanish
  • tamarind   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Arechavaleta, M. et al., eds. 2005. Lista preliminar de especies silvestres de Cabo Verde: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flore du Cameroun.
  • Borlaug, N. et al., eds. 2008. Fruits: Tamarind. 3:149–163 In: National Research Council, Lost crops of Africa. 3:149–163.
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Du Puy, D. 1997. The Leguminosae of Madagascar. Bot. Mag. 14:235–237.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):181.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • León, B. 1995. pers. comm. [re. Portuguese (Brazil) common names].
  • León, B. 2009. pers. comm. [re. Spanish common names].
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 484.
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist.
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist.
  • Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:298 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:298.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Yaacob, O. & S. Subhadrabandhu. 1995. The production of economic fruits in South-East Asia.
More:

Check other web resources for Tamarindus indica L.:


Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?36219 (22 July 2014)

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