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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Tagetes patula L.

Genus: Tagetes
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Asteroideae tribe: Tageteae
Nomen number: 36202
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:887. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: often merged with T. erecta
Name verified on: 24-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Mar-2012
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC).
Accessions: 49 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • French marigold   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • oeillet d'inde   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • Studentenblume   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • koō-sō   (Source: F Korea ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • mansugug   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • barchatcy otklonennye   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • amapola amarilla   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • copetes   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • copetillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • sammetstagetes   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: coloring   (fide Culinary Herbs 590. 1997)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Zander ed14; Dict Gard)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff   (fide Dye Pl)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control   (when intercropped with other crops fide Dict Gard)

Distributional range:

    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Durango, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Queretaro

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Rwanda; Zaire
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Malesia: Philippines
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany
    Southeastern Europe: Greece; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: Spain
    Caribbean: Cuba; Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Nicaragua

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Europe: Norway
    Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary; Slovakia
    Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Italy
    Southwestern Europe: Portugal

  • also cultivated

  • naturalized range uncertain owing to confusion with T. erecta


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Breedlove, D. E., ed. 1981–. Flora of Chiapas. [= T. erecta L.].
  • Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing. The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. [= T. erecta L.].
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lasser, T., ed. 1964–. Flora de Venezuela.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946–1962. Flora de Cuba.; suppl. 1969
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Matuda, E. 1958. Las compuestas del estado de México.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana. [= T. lunulata Ortega?].
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1979–. Flora fanerogámica del Valle de México. [mentions under T. lunulata Ortega].
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes. [= T. erecta L.].
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Small, E. 1997. Culinary herbs.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Turner, B. L. 1996. The comps of Mexico: a systematic account of the family Asteraceae. Volume 6: Tageteae and Anthemideae. Phytologia Mem. 10:53. [= T. erecta L.].
  • Turner, B. L. 1996. The comps of Mexico: a systematic account of the family Asteraceae. Volume 6: Tageteae and Anthemideae. Phytologia Mem. 10:55. [= T. lunulata Ort.].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Villasenor, J. L. 1989. Manual para la identificacion de las Compositae de la Peninsula de Yucatan y Tabasco. 101.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. 1989. Manual para la identificacion de las Compositae de la Peninsula de Yucatan y Tabasco. Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden Techn. Rep. no. 4.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wursten, B. et al. Flora of Zimbabwe (on-line resource).


Check other web resources for Tagetes patula L.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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