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Taxon: Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.

Genus: Sporobolus
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Chloridoideae tribe: Zoysieae.
Nomen number: 35366
Place of publication: Prodr. 170. 1810
Name verified on: 30-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Oct-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • dropseed   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. flaccidus]
  • giant Parramatta grass   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Parramatta grass   (Source: Aust Syst Bot 12:385 [as S. africanus]) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. capensis]
  • rat-tail grass   (Source: Aust Syst Bot 12:385 [as S. africanus]) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. capensis]
  • smut grass   (Source: Grass US [as S. poiretii]) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. indicus]
  • tufty grass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. capensis]
  • West Indian dropseed   (Source: F Florida ) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. pyramidalis]
  • wire grass   (Source: J. Veldkamp, p.c.) – English   [Sporobolus indicus var. flaccidus]
  • capim-cortezia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-lucas   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-mourão   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-toucerinha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New Jersey
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri [s.e.], Oklahoma [s.e.]
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland [e.], Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Cuba; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Israel
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Midway Islands; United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Northern Mariana Islands
    South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Belize
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Baaijens, G. J. & J. F. Veldkamp. 1991. Sporobolus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35:421.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Cabrera, A. L., ed. 1965–1970. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires.
  • Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Development Consortium. Invasive species compendium (on-line resource).
  • Peterson, P. M. et al. 2004. Sporobolus (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae: Zoysieae: Sporobolinae) from northeastern México. Sida 21(3):576–578.
  • Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  • Shrestha, S. et al. 2003. Phylogeny of the Sporobolus indicus complex, based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Austral. Syst. Bot. 16:165–176.
  • Simon, B. K. & S. W. L. Jacobs. 1999. Revision of the genus Sporobolus (Poaceae, Chloridoideae) in Australia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 12:397–398.
  • Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365–382.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?35366 (24 April 2014)

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