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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

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Taxon: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

Genus: Sorghum section: Sorghum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 35119
Place of publication: Syn. pl. 1:101. 1805
Comment: Johnsongrass is a product of introgression with S. bicolor
Name verified on: 02-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 71 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL°, AR*°, AZ°, CA(Johnson grass)*°, CO*°, DE(Johnson grass)*°, FL°, GA°, HI°, ID*°, IL*°, IN*°, KS*°, KY°, LA°, MD*°, MI*°, MO*°, MS°, NC°, NE°, NJ(Johnsongrass)°, NM°, NV(Johnsongrass)*°, OH*°, OK*°, OR*°, PA*°, PR*, SC°, SD*, TN°, TX°, UT*°, VA°, WA(Johnsongrass)*°, WV*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

Common names:

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Economic importance:

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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [s.]; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized in warm-temperate regions, including North America

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969–. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 1996. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6.
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2004. Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 25 Sorghum species. Pl. Syst. Evol. 149:233–246.
  • Dillon, S. L. et al. 2007. Sorghum resolved as a distinct genus based on combined ITS1, ndhF and Adh1 analyses. Pl. Syst. Evol. 268:29–43.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [poisonous].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Lazarides, M. et al. 1991. Taxonomy, cytology, and ecology of indigenous Australian sorghums (Sorghum Moench: Andropogoneae: Poaceae). Austral. Syst. Bot. 4:603.
  • Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Price, H. J. et al. 2005. Genome evolution in the genus Sorghum. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 95:219–227.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:297.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47.
  • de Wet, J. M. J. 1978. Systematics and evolution of Sorghum sect. Sorghum (Gramineae). Amer. J. Bot. 65:478.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?35119 (23 April 2014)

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