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Taxon: Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench

Genus: Sorghum section: Sorghum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 35092
Place of publication: Methodus 207. 1794
Comment: for weedy sorghums see S. bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii
Name verified on: 05-Mar-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 24-Aug-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 159 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IA(only shattercane, not cultivated strains)*, MD(only shattercane, not cultivated strains)*, OH(only shattercane, not cultivated strains)*°, PA(only shattercane, not cultivated strains)*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • broomcorn   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • chicken-corn   (Source: Amer J Bot 65:481.) – English   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • common wild sorghum   (Source: Grass SAfr [as S. bicolor subsp. arundinaceum]) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. verticilliflorum]
  • durra   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • feterita   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • forage sorghum   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • grain sorghum   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • great millet   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • great millet   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • Kaffir-corn   (Source: Hortus 3 [but this adjective is best avoided, as it can be an offensive term]) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • milo   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • Rhodesian Sudan grass   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • shallu   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • shattercane   (Source: Crop Sci 12:176.1972) – English   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • sordan   (Source: D. Krizek, p.c. [via email on 15 Nov 2000]) – English   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • sorghum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • sorghum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorghum-sudangrass   (Source: Federal Seed Act [as S. ×drummondii]) – English   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • Sudan grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • sweet sorghum   (Source: N. El Bassam 1998) – English   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • gao liang   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • bachanta   (Source: Grassland Species ) – Ethiopia   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • gros mil   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorgho   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorgho du Soudan   (Source: Dict Rehm [as S. ×drummondii]) – French   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • sorgho menu   (Source: Dict Rehm [as S. ×drummondii]) – French   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • gewöhnliche Mohrenhirse   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • nickende Mohrenhirse   (Source: Zander ed17 [as S. cernuum]) – German   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • Sudangras   (Source: Dict Rehm [as S. ×drummondii]) – German   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • Zuckerhirse   (Source: Zander ed17 [as S. dochna]) – German   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • jowar   (Source: Grassland Species ) – India   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorgo   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorgo gentile   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • morokoshi   (Source: Names Batra ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • susu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:131) – Transcribed Korean   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • sorgo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • daza   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • pasto Sudán   (Source: Dict Rehm [as S. ×drummondii]) – Spanish   [Sorghum bicolor nothosubsp. drummondii]
  • sorgo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]
  • durra   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Sorghum bicolor subsp. bicolor]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Egypt
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland

      Naturalized:
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    North America
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Central America
    South America

      Cultivated:
  • cultivated throughout tropic, subtropic, & warm-temperate regions

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?35092 (21 April 2014)

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