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Taxon: Annona squamosa L.

Genus: Annona
Family: Annonaceae
Nomen number: 3503
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:537. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 13-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • custard-apple   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • sugar-apple   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • sweetsop   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • fan li zhi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • kaneelappel   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Dutch
  • annone écailleuse   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • cachiman cannelle   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • pomme canelle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Rahmapfel   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Süßsack   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Schuppenannone   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Zimtapfel   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Zuckerapfel   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • mela canella   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • pomo canella   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • ata   (Source: P. J. M. Maas, p.c.) – Portuguese
  • fruta-do-conde   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pinha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • anón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • anona blanca   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • chirimoyo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fruta de condesa   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • fruta del conde   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • saramuyo   (Source: Agrociencia 43:133.) – Spanish (Mexico)
  • sockerannona   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

  • widely naturalized in tropics

      Cultivated: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Africa [tropical]
    China: China [s.]
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
    Australia: Australia - Queensland
    Mexico [s.]
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Central America
    South America

  • probable origin West Indies


  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bolívar-Fernández, N. et al. 2009. Maduración de frutos de saramuyo (Annona squamosa L.) desarrollados en Yucatán, México. Agrociencia (Montecillo) 43:133–141.
  • DeFilipps, R. A. 1998. Useful plants of the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Escribano, P. et al. 2008. Development of 52 new polymorphic SSR markers from cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.): transferability to related taxa and selection of a reduced set for DNA fingerprinting and diversity studies. Molec. Ecol. Resources 8:317–321. [cites].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979–1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. 1984–. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. et al. 1964–1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
  • Maas, P. J. M. et al. 1994. Studies in Annonaceae. XXI. Index to species and infraspecific taxa of neotropical Annonaceae. Candollea 49:409.
  • Maas, P. J. M. 1996. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Annona squamosa L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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