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Taxon: Sonchus asper (L.) Hill

Genus: Sonchus
Family: Asteraceae (alt. Compositae) subfamily: Cichorioideae tribe: Cichorieae subtribe: Hyoseridinae.
Nomen number: 34933
Place of publication: Herb. brit. 1:47. 1769
Name verified on: 22-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Mar-2012
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

Common names:

  • prickly sow thistle   (Source: WorldWeeds 801. 1997) – English
  • rough milk thistle   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • rough sow thistle   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English
  • spiny sow thistle   (Source: WorldWeeds 801. 1997) – English
  • spiny-leaf sow thistle   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • laiteron rude   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • raue Gänsedistel   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • serralha-comum   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • svinmolke   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 800-801. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Senegal
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: Canada - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama - Chiriqui
    Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Berhaut, J. 1971–. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Boulos, L. 1973. Révision systématique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.: 4. Sous-genre: 1. Sonchus. Bot. Not. 126:164–165.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Jardin botanique national de Belgique. 1967–. Flore du Congo, du Rwanda et du Burundi (Flore d'Afrique centrale).
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • McVaugh, R. 1983–. Flora Novo-Galiciana. [mentions].
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea.
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980–. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991–. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Troupin, G. 1978–. Flore du Rwanda.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Sonchus asper (L.) Hill:


Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?34933 (24 April 2014)

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