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Taxon: Sinapis arvensis L.

Genus: Sinapis
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 33965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:668. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 02-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 38 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ°, CO°, IA°, KS°, MI°, PA°, WI°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • California-rape   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • California-rape   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • charlock   (Source: F NZeal ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • charlock   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • corn mustard   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • field mustard   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • wild kale   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • wild mustard   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • wild mustard   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • khardal   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • moutarde des champs   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • moutarde des champs   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • moutarde sauvage   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • moutarde sauvage   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • Ackersenf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • Ackersenf   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • senape   (Source: WorldWeeds 133.) – Italian
  • senape   (Source: WorldWeeds 133.) – Italian   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • mostarda-dos-campos   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • mostarda-dos-campos   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mostarda-silvestre   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • collejón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • collejón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • åkersenap   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 133. 1997)
  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 120:1089. 2010, based on the development of a fertility restoration line)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 101:1008. 2000, for disease resistance)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Guide Germ Brassica, citing four successful hybridization studies involving Brassica nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, citing successful hybridization crosses with Brassica carinata)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica oleracea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Raphanus sativus, and one record of spontaneous hybridization)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Euphytica 158:215, 218. 2007, citing successful hybridizations studies involving male sterile Brassica napus as female parent, additionally spontaneous hybrids have been recorded)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica rapa)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (to livestock fide Kingsbury, as Brassica kaber; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Can Poison Pl, as S. arvensis)
  • Weed   (fide Warwick et al., Can J Pl Sci 80:939-961. 2000)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.], Western Siberia [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Xinjiang
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland [s.]; Ireland; Norway; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Subarctic America: Greenland
    Eastern Canada: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    United States
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Rio Negro, Tierra del Fuego; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay

  • exact native range obscure


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). [= S. arvensis].
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Branch, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. 1999. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act.
  • Snowdon, R. J. et al. 2000. Development and characterisation of Brassica napus-Sinapis arvensis addition lines exhibiting resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans. Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:1008–1014.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2000. The biology of Canadian weeds. 8. Sinapus arvensis L. (updated). Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 80:939–961.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database].
  • Wei, W. et al. 2010. Development of a novel Sinapis arvensis disomic addition line in Brassica napus containing the restorer gene for Nsa CMS and improved resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and pod shattering. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1089–1097. [this study reports the development of a novel restorer line (NR1) for cytoplasmic male sterility system involving 36 fertile somatic hybrid plants derived from protoplast fusion of S. arvensis and B. napus and testcrossed with Nsa CMS plants (derived from crosses between B. napus and S. arvensis and sterile); this study examined resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotinium and pod shattering resistance; S. arvensis was used as male donor and primary restorer; F1 hybrids had 1-5% of sterility indicating the loss or addition of chromosomes; after four years of selection of the two restorer lines, one showed better agronomic performance (NR1); hybrids between NR1 and Nsa CMS plants showed that F1 hybrids had potential commercial use].
  • Winter, H. 2011. Sinapis. 17:275–288 In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, oilseeds. 17:275–288.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Sinapis arvensis L.:


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (17 April 2014)

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