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Taxon: Sinapis arvensis L.

Genus: Sinapis
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 33965
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:668. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 02-May-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 38 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ°, CO°, IA°, KS°, MI°, PA°, WI°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • California-rape   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • California-rape   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • charlock   (Source: F NZeal ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • charlock   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • corn mustard   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • field mustard   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • wild kale   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • wild mustard   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • wild mustard   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • khardal   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • moutarde des champs   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • moutarde des champs   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • moutarde sauvage   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • moutarde sauvage   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • Ackersenf   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • Ackersenf   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • senape   (Source: WorldWeeds 133.) – Italian
  • senape   (Source: WorldWeeds 133.) – Italian   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • mostarda-dos-campos   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • mostarda-dos-campos   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mostarda-silvestre   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • collejón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • collejón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sinapis arvensis subsp. arvensis]
  • åkersenap   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 133. 1997)
  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 120:1089. 2010, based on the development of a fertility restoration line)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in rape   (fide Theor Appl Genet 101:1008. 2000, for disease resistance)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Guide Germ Brassica, citing four successful hybridization studies involving Brassica nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (fide Euphytica 158:217. 2007, citing successful hybridization crosses with Brassica carinata)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica oleracea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (fide Euphytica 158:217, 218. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Raphanus sativus, and one record of spontaneous hybridization)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Euphytica 158:215, 218. 2007, citing successful hybridizations studies involving male sterile Brassica napus as female parent, additionally spontaneous hybrids have been recorded)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, citing one successful hybridization study involving Brassica rapa)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (to livestock fide Kingsbury, as Brassica kaber; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Can Poison Pl, as S. arvensis)
  • Weed   (fide Warwick et al., Can J Pl Sci 80:939-961. 2000)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.], Western Siberia [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Xinjiang
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland [s.]; Ireland; Norway; Sweden [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: Greenland
    Eastern Canada: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina - Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, Rio Negro, Tierra del Fuego; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Sinapis arvensis L.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?33965 (01 November 2014)

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