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Taxon: Sambucus nigra L.

Genus: Sambucus
Family: Adoxaceae. Also placed in: Caprifoliaceae Sambucaceae
Nomen number: 32994
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:269. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 09-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-Dec-1996
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • American elder   (Source: World Econ Pl [as S. canadensis]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • American elderberry   (Source: Food Feed Crops US [as S. canadensis]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • black elder   (Source: F Iraq ) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • blue elder   (Source: Trees US [as S. cerulea]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. cerulea]
  • blue elderberry   (Source: World Econ Pl [as S. cerulea]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. cerulea]
  • blueberry elder   (Source: L. Gilbert, p.c. [as S. cerulea]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. cerulea]
  • Canadian elder   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names [as S. canadensis]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • common elder   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • elder   (Source: F Iraq ) – English
  • elderberry   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 [as S. canadensis]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • European elder   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • European elderberry   (Source: Diss Bot 223:162.) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • Florida elder   (Source: Trees US [as S. canadensis var. laciniata]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • Mexican elder   (Source: Diss Bot 223:168.) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • Mexican elder   (Source: F Ariz [as S. mexicana]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. cerulea]
  • sweet elder   (Source: Hortus 3 [as S. canadensis]) – English   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • Kanadese vlier   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 [as S. canadensis]) – Afrikaans   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • sureau   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • schwarzer Holunder   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • sabugueiro-negro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • rayan   (Source: Esp Veg Prom [as S. peruviana]) – Quichua (Peru)   [Sambucus nigra subsp. peruviana]
  • saúco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • saúco   (Source: Esp Veg Prom [as S. canadensis var. laciniata]) – Spanish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]
  • saúco   (Source: Names Soukup [as S. peruviana]) – Spanish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. peruviana]
  • sambugo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • blåfläder   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn [as S. cerulea]) – Swedish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. cerulea]
  • fläder   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • flikfläder   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. nigra]
  • kanadafläder   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn [as S. canadensis]) – Swedish   [Sambucus nigra subsp. canadensis]

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands [La Gomera, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Tenerife]
    Northern Africa: Tunisia
    Western Asia: Iran [w.]; Iraq [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part [s.]; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario [s.], Prince Edward Island, Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta [s.], British Columbia [s.], Manitoba [s.e.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine [e.], Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e.], Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska [e.], North Dakota [e.], Oklahoma, South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana [w.], Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama [s.], Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia [s.], Kentucky, Louisiana [s.], Maryland, Mississippi [s.], North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.w.]

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Central America
  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated




Check other web resources for Sambucus nigra L.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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