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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.

Genus: Samanea
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Mimosoideae tribe: Ingeae. Also placed in: Mimosaceae
Nomen number: 32979
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6:47. 1916
Name verified on: 01-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Feb-2010
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry   (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter   (fide Mem NYBG 74:121. 1996)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood   (fide Phytologia 85:106. 1998)
  • Invertebrate food: lac insects   (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:224. 1997)
  • Materials: carved material   (fide Plantation Trees)
  • Materials: wood   (fide Trop Leg)

Distributional range:

    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Western South America: Colombia

  • naturalized elsewhere in tropics

  • also cultivated in tropics

  • exact native range in neotropics obscure


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1981. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Barneby, R. C. & J. W. Grimes. 1996. Silk tree, guanacaste, monkey's earring: a generic system for the synandrous Mimosaceae of the Americas. Part I. Abarema, Albizia, and allies. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74(1):119–121.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource).
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 11:224–227.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Isely, D. 1973. Leguminosae of the United States: I. Subfamily Mimosoideae. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(1):115. [= Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.].
  • Lewis, G. P. 1987. Legumes of Bahia. [mentions].
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. et al. 1964–1974. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. [= Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.].
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. [= Albizia saman (Jacq.) F. Muell.].
  • Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees.
  • Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936–1971. Flora of Peru.; new ser. 1980- [= Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.].
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar. 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source. Phytologia 85:106.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • Nielsen, I. C. 1981. Tribe 5. Ingeae Benth. Advances in legume systematics. 1:180. [places Samanea in synonymy under Albizia Durazz.].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova. [= Albizia saman (Jacq.) F. Muell.].
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1985. Flora of Thailand.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala. [= Pithecellobium saman (Jacq.) Benth.].
  • Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes. [accepts].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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