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Taxon: Salsola tragus L.

Genus: Salsola
Family: Chenopodiaceae subfamily: Salsoloideae tribe: Salsoleae. Also placed in: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 32817
Place of publication: Cent. pl. II:13. 1756 (Amoen. acad. 4:310. 1759)
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-May-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ(as Salsola kali var. tenuifolia)°, CA*, MO(as Salsola pestifer)°, OH(as Salsola kali var. tenuifolia)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • Russian thistle   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Russian tumbleweed   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – English
  • Russian-cactus   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – English
  • spineless saltwort   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – English
  • tumbleweed   (Source: F CalifJep ) – English
  • ci sha peng   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • soude épineuse   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – French
  • soude roulante   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – French
  • Ukraine-Salzkraut   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – German
  • hari-hijiki   (Source: Biblioth Bot 149:114) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • rysk sodaört   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide Diseas Comp, as S. kali subsp. ruthenica)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury, as Salsola pestifer)
  • Weed   (fide F USSR, as S. ruthenica; F Utah ed2, as S. pestifer)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.e.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.], Western Siberia [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu [n.], Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir; Nepal; Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Finland [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia
    East Europe: Russian Federation - European part [s.]; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

  • widely naturalized elsewhere




Check other web resources for Salsola tragus L.:


  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (24 November 2015)

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