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Taxon: Salix ×fragilis L.

Genus: Salix
Family: Salicaceae.
Nomen number: 32711
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1017. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:
  • = S. alba × S. euxina
  • a proposal for conservation (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9) on a mainly s.e. European species has failed, but the name has now been typified on a widespread European hybrid
Name verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Turkey
    Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Spain
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

      Other:
  • exact native range in Europe obscure

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Argus, G. W. 1986. The genus Salix (Salicaceae) in the southeastern United States. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9:78.
  • Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1212. [conservation proposal not recommended].
  • Belyaeva, I. 2009. Nomenclature of Salix fragilis L. and a new species, S. euxina (Salicaceae). Taxon 58:1344–1348. [lectotypifies on the European hybrid].
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2009. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 60. Taxon 58:280. [conservation proposal, to typify on the s.e. European species, not recommended].
  • Christensen, K. I. & B. Jonsell. 2005. (1698) Proposal to conserve the name Salix fragilis with a conserved type (Salicaceae). Taxon 54:555–556. [proposes typification on a mainly s.e. European species].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Pohjonen, V. 1991. Selection of species and clones for biomass willow forestry in Finland. Acta Forest. Fenn. 221:18.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Stott, K. G. 1992. Willows in the service of man. Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 98B:171.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Salix ×fragilis L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Salix x fragilis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32711 (25 October 2014)

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