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Taxon: Saccharum spontaneum L.

Genus: Saccharum
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 32625
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:183. 1771
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 02-Jul-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 02-Jul-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 715 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*, MA*, NC*, PR*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • African fodder cane   (Source: Pl Names ) – English   [Saccharum spontaneum subsp. aegyptiacum]
  • Asian fodder cane   (Source: Pl Names ) – English   [Saccharum spontaneum subsp. spontaneum]
  • fodder cane   (Source: Pl Names ) – English
  • wild sugarcane   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
More:

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide WorldWeeds 697. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 697. 1997)
  • Environmental: potential for erosion control   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:195. 1992)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:195. 1992)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for sugarcane   (fide Pl Sci 165:186. 2003)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for sugarcane   (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Gene sources: early maturity for sugarcane   (fide Pl Sci 165:186. 2003)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sugarcane   (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:145. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon [n.]
    West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Ghana; Nigeria
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Israel; Lebanon
    Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Italy - Sicily

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere, including Mesoamerica

References:

  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. 4:195 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 4:195.
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  • Berding, N. & B. T. Roach. 1987. Chapter 4. Germplasm collection, maintenance, and use. In: Heinz, D. (ed.). Sugarcane improvement through breeding. Developments in Crop Science 11:143–210.
  • Bhandari, M. M. 1978. Flora of the Indian desert.
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt.
  • Cordeiro, G. M. et al. 2003. Sugarcane microsatellites for the assessment of genetic diversity in sugarcane germplasm. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 165:181–189.
  • Daniels, J. et al. 1991. The taxonomic status of Saccharum barberi Jeswiet and S. sinense Roxb. Sugar Cane 1991:11–16.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Grivet, L. et al. 2004. A review of recent molecular genetics evidence for sugarcane evolution and domestication. Ethnobot. Res. Applic. 2:9–17.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hodkinson, T. R. et al. 2002. Phylogenetics of Miscanthus, Saccharum and related genera (Saccharinae, Andropogoneae, Poaceae) based on DNA sequences from ITS nuclear ribosomal DNA and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacers. J. Pl. Res. 115:381–392.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 697.
  • How, F. C., ed. 1956. Flora of Kwangchow.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions.
  • Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Mukherjee, S. K. 1954. Revision of the genus Saccharum Linn. Bull. Bot. Soc. Bengal 8:145.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Price, S. 1957. Cytological studies in Saccharum and allied genera. III. Chromosome numbers in interspecific hybrids. Bot. Gaz. 118:146–159.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Takahashi, S. et al. 2005. Very close relationship of the chloroplast genomes among Saccharum species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1523–1529.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • Whalen, M. D. 1991. Taxonomy of Saccharum (Poaceae). Baileya 23:112.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Saccharum spontaneum L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32625 (25 October 2014)

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