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Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Rubus occidentalis L.

Genus: Rubus subgenus: Idaeobatus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Rubeae.
Nomen number: 32401
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:493. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 31-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 227 in National Plant Germplasm System.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • black raspberry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • blackcap   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • thimbleberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • framboisier de Virginie   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • schwarze Himbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • frambueso negro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • svarthallon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide Virus Diseases)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide Virus Diseases)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Cornucopia; Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black raspberry   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 12:363. 2009)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of purple raspberry   (fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of red raspberry   (based on unilateral incompatibilities in crosses with Rubus idaeus fide Pl Breed Rev 32:147. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of blackberry   (based on crossing barriers with blackberry fide Breeders Rubus)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e.], Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska [e. & c.], North Dakota [s.e.], Oklahoma, South Dakota [e. & s.], Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia [n.], Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Alice, L. A. & C. S. Campbell. 1999. Phylogeny of Rubus (Rosaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 86:81–97.
  • Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown. 1972. Woody plants of Maryland.
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. 1993–1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  • Clark, J. R. & C. E. Finn. 2011. Blackberry breeding and genetics. Fruit Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotechnol. 27–43. [this review discussed efforts mostly for Rubus occdientalis].
  • Converse, R. H., ed. 1987. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Finn, C. F. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 12. Raspberries. Pp. 359–392 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Finn, C. et al. 2001. Breeders experiences with Rubus species. In: Finn, C. et al., Breeders experiences with Rubus species. 2001 [web based resource; this report cited Rubus occidentalis as a diploid; and its succesful crossing with red and black raspbberry, but unsuccessful with blackberry, Rubus ursinus].
  • Finn, C. et al. 2002. Use of 58 Rubus species in five North American breeding programmes - Breeders news. Acta Hort. 585:113. [mentions among those species successfully crossed with red raspberry].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Graham, J. & M. Woodhead. 2009. Chapter 24. Raspberries and blackberries: the genomics of Rubus. Pp. 507–524 in: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae.
  • Graham, J. & M. Woodhead. 2011. Chapter 9. Rubus. Pp. 179–196 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Graham, J. et al. 2007. Chapter 9. Raspberry. In: Kole. C., ed., Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) 4:207–216.
  • Hall, H. K. et al. 2009. Chapter 2. Raspberry breeding and genetics. Pl. Breed. Rev. 32:39–353.
  • Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. [cultivated].
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  • Widrlechner, M. P. 1998. The genus Rubus L. in Iowa. Castanea 63:423.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Rubus occidentalis L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32401 (26 November 2014)

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