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Taxon: Rubus armeniacus Focke

Genus: Rubus subgenus: Rubus section: Rubus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Rubeae
Nomen number: 32263
Place of publication: Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 4:183. 1874
Comment: this name applies to the widely cultivated and naturalized (and Caucasus native?) Himalaya-berry, when treated as a species distinct from the European R. praecox (syn. R. procerus)
Name verified on: 09-May-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
OR(as Rubus discolor)*, OR(except fruit for consumption)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • Himalaya blackberry   (Source: F Eur [as R. discolor]) – English
  • Himalaya giant blackberry   (Source: Bramb Brit [as R. procerus]) – English
  • Himalaya-berry   (Source: Websters Dict [as R. procerus]) – English
  • Himalaya-Brombeere   (Source: Zander ed17 [as R. procerus]) – German
  • armeniskt björnbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide Virus Diseases, as R. procerus)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide Virus Diseases, as R. procerus)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Cornucopia, as R. procerus; Eur Gard F, as R. procerus)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of blackberry   (as a source of germplasm for blackberry cultivars fide Pl Breed Rev 29:24. 2007)
  • Weed   (fide Rep NCEPPC, as Rubus discolor)

Distributional range:

    Caucasus: Armenia [possibly native]

  • widely naturalized in temperate regions


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Clark, J. R. & C. E. Finn. 2011. Blackberry breeding and genetics. Fruit Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotechnol. 5:27–43.
  • Clark, J. R. et al. 2007. Chapter 2. Blackberry breeding and genetics. Pl. Breed. Rev. 29:23, 24.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= R. discolor Weihe & Nees].
  • Edees, E. S. & A. Newton. 1988. Brambles of the British Isles.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. [accepts].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. [= R. procerus].
  • Evans, K. J. & H. E. Weber. 2003. Rubus anglocandicans (Rosaceae) is the most widespread taxon of European blackberry in Australia. Austral. Syst. Bot. 16:527–537.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Newton, A. 1977. A review of Rubus section Discolores in Britain. Watsonia 11:245.
  • Pedersen, A. 1980. Rosaceernes udbredelse i Danmark. II. Subgenus Rubus sect. Rubus, sect. Corylifolii og sect. Caesii. Bot. Tidsskr. 75:6. [accepts].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [= R. discolor Weihe & Nees].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Weber, H. E. 1972. Die Gattung Rubus L. (Rosaceae) im nordwestlichen Europa. Phanerog. Monogr. 7:230. [accepts].
  • Weber, H. E. 1987. Beiträge zu einer Revision der Gattung Rubus L. in der Schweiz. Bot. Helv. 97:124. [accepts].
  • Weber, H. E. 1995. Rubus. In: Hegi, G. et al., Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- 4(2a,3):373. [accepts].
  • Wittig, R. & H. E. Weber. 1978. Die Verbreitung der Brombeeren (Gattung Rubus L., Rosaceae) in der Westfälischen Bucht. Decheniana 131:95. [accepts].
  • Zieliński, J. 1978. New data on the taxonomy and distribution of species of the genus Rubus L. in Iran. Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 24:427.
  • Zieliński, J. 1991. Rubus laciniatus i R. armeniacus (Rosaceae) we florze Polski. Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 35:217–224. [accepts].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary. [= R. procerus].


Check other web resources for Rubus armeniacus Focke:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (23 May 2015)

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