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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Rosa spinosissima L.

Genus: Rosa
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Roseae
Nomen number: 32175
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:491. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: Linnaeus included both R. pimpinellifolia and R. majalis in original circumscription, but now typified on element equivalent to R. pimpinellifolia
Name verified on: 08-Dec-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-Dec-2003
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • burnet rose   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • Scotch rose   (Source: Zander ed16 [but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland]) – English
  • Scotchbriar   (Source: Zander ed16 [but this adjective is best avoided, may cause offence in Scotland]) – English
  • Scottish rose   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • Scottish-briar   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – English
  • mi ci qiang wei   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • rosier à feuilles de pimprenelle   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – French
  • rosier d'ecosse   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – French
  • Bibernell-Rose   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German
  • orientalisk pimpinellros   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • pimpinellros   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Iran [n.w.]; Turkey [e.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [s.e.]; Kyrgyzstan
    China: China - Xinjiang
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Cafferty & S. & C. E. Jarvis. 2002. Typification of Linnaean plant names in Rosaceae. Taxon 51:543. [typify on element which includes R. pimpinellifolia L.].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [nom. ambig., in part = R. pimpinellifolia L.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. [as nom. ambig., in part = R. pimpinellifolia & R. majalis].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. [accepts].
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea. [accepts].
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [in part = R. pimpinellifolia L.].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [accepts].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). [= R. pimpinellifolia L.].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [accepts].
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. [accepts].
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. [accepts].
  • Saakov, S. G. & D. Rieksta. 1973. Rozy. 40. [= R. pimpinellifolia].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [accepts].
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. [accepts].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [nom. ambig., in part = R. pimpinellifolia & R. majalis].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora. [sensu L. 1771 = R. pimpinellifolia L. (non sensu L. 1753)].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Rosa spinosissima L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Rosa spinosissima cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

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