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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 319648
Place of publication: Syst. Beschr. Kohlart. 49. 1833
Comment: or B. rapa Turnip Rape Group
Name verified on: 04-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-May-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 29 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AZ(as Brassica campestris)°, IL(as Brassica campestris)°, NE(as Brassica campestris)°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


See other conspecific taxa:


Common names:

  • annual turnip rape   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643 [as B. campestris]) – English   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma annua]
  • biennial turnip rape   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643 [as B. campestris var. autunmalis]) – English   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma biennis]
  • bird rape   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643 [as B. campestris "annual turnip-rape"]) – English
  • canola   (Source: R.Young, p.c.) – English
  • colza   (Source: Dict Rehm [as B. rapa subsp. oleifera]) – English
  • field mustard   (Source: Cover Crop Database ) – English
  • Polish canola   (Source: Genome 44:738. 2001) – English
  • summer turnip rape   (Source: Pl Names ) – English   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma annua]
  • turnip rape   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • wild turnip   (Source: F BritStace ) – English
  • winter turnip rape   (Source: Zander Ency [as B. rapa subsp. rapa]) – English   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma biennis]
  • yun tai   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • navette   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris]) – French
  • navette d'été   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris f. praecox]) – French   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma annua]
  • navette d'hiver   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris f. autunmalis]) – French   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma biennis]
  • Rübsaat   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • Rübsen   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris]) – German
  • Sommerrübsen   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris f. praecox]) – German   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma annua]
  • Winterrübsen   (Source: Mansfeld [as B. rapa var. silvestris f. autunmalis]) – German   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma biennis]
  • ravizzone   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • natane   (Source: McFerson, p.c.) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • nabo-selvagem   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nabo-silvestre   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nabina   (Source: UPOV ) – Spanish
  • nabo de invierno   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643 [as B. campestris var. autunmalis]) – Spanish   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma biennis]
  • nabo de verano   (Source: Misc Publ USDA 643 [as B. campestris "annual turnip-rape"]) – Spanish   [Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera forma annua]
  • åkerkål   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide WorldWeeds 123. 1997, as B. campestris)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 123. 1997, as B. campestris)
  • Environmental: soil improver   (fide Cover Crop Database, as B. campestris)
  • Human food: oil/fat   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol   (fide web document)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for rape   (fide Pl Dis 87:752. 2003, mentions the commercial use of B. napus carrying a resistant gene from this taxon)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of turnip   (fide L Medit based on records of wild populations in Northern Africa)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2, as Brassica campestris)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide WorldWeeds 117. 1997, as B. campestris)
More:

Distributional range:

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Southern Africa: South Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [s.]; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Hispaniola
    Mesoamerica: Nicaragua
    Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay; Uruguay

      Adventive:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    South Tropical Africa: Mozambique; Zimbabwe
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Barbados; Guadeloupe; Martinique
    Brazil: Brazil

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • widespread weed, probable origin Eurasia

References:

  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cheng, B. F. et al. 2001. Low glucosinolate Brassica juncea breeding line revealed to be nullisomic. Genome 44:738.
  • Chrungu, B. et al. 1999. Production and characterization of interspecific hybrids between Brassica maurorum and crop brassicas. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:608–613.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Garg, H. et al. 2007. Hybridizing Brassica rapa with wild crucifers Diplotaxis erucoides and Brassica maurorum. Euphytica 156:417–424.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966- 4(1):457. [treats under B. rapa var. silvestris (Lam.) Briggs].
  • Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McFerson, J. 1994. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Musil, A. F. 1948. Distinguishing species of Brassica by their seeds. Misc. Publ. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 643:1–35.
  • Olsson, G. 1954. Crosses within the campestris group of the genus Brassica. Hereditas (Beijing) 40:414. [= B. campestris subsp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prakash, S. & K. Hinata. 1980. Taxonomy, cytogenetics and origin of crop brassicas, a review. Opera Bot. 55:12–13. [= B. campestris subsp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sinsk.].
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784–794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593–600.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Takuno, S. et al. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity of accessions in Brassicaceae genetic resources by frequency distribution analysis of S haplotypes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1129–1138.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [mentions; lists as B. rapa subsp. oleifera DC.].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition. [mentions; lists as B. rapa subsp. oleifera DC.].
  • University of Idaho. 2010. Brassica breeding and research goals. [re. potenital use as fuel].
  • Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371–382.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database].
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2008. AFLP-based molecular characterization of Brassica rapa and diversity in Canadian spring turnip rape cultivars. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 6:11–21.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= B. rapa var. oleifera DC.].
  • Young, R. 1996. pers. comm. [re. common names].
  • Zhao, J. et al. 2005. Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1301–1314.

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. oleifera (DC.) Metzg.:


Images:

  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
Jump to BrassicaDB

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?319648 (20 April 2014)

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