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Taxon: Brassica fruticulosa Cirillo

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 318774
Place of publication: Pl. rar. neapol. 2:7. 1792
Name verified on: 25-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 25-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: potential for pest resistance in cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 110:213. 1999)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage   (based on a record of hybrids with Brassica carinata by embryo rescue fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:214. 2007, based on low hybrid production in crosses with B. nigra)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of radish   (based on a record of hybrids with Raphanus sativus by embryo rescue fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Genet Res Chrom Crop 201. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip   (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 264, 265. 2009)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [s.-c.]; Spain [e. & s.]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California


  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Anderson, J. K. & S. I. Warwick. 1999. Chromosome number evolution in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae): evidence from isozyme number. Pl. Syst. Evol. 215:255–285.
  • Armstrong, T. T. et al. 2005. Transgene escape: what potential for crop-wild hybridization? Molec. Ecol. 14:2111–2132. [this review compiled data of experimental crosses known for crops with other species, and examined these data against indigineous and naturalized relatives of crops present in the flora of New Zealand; it cites B. fruticulosa as a naturalized species and lists all related naturalized members of the Nigra lineage (sendu Warwick & Hall, 2009) present in New Zealand].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Ellis, P. R. et al. 1999. Identification of high levels of resistance to cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, in wild Brassica species. Euphytica 110:207–214.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jensen, E. B. et al. 2002. Resistance to the cabbage root fly, Delia radicum, within Brassica fruticulosa. Euphytica 124:379–386.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Maire, R. C. J. E. et al. 1965. Flore de l'Afrique du Nord. 12:171.
  • Nagpal, R. et al. 2008. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera in subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae, and Cakilinae (Brassicaceae, tribe Brassiceae); the organization and evolution of ribosomal gene families. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 157:545–557.
  • Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331–340.
  • Qiong, H. et al. 2009. Chapter 13. Introgression of genes from wild crucifers. Pp. 261–308 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Sánchez-Yélamo, M. D. et al. 1992. Comparative electrophoretic studies of seed proteins in some species of the genera Diplotaxis, Erucastrum, and Brassica (Cruciferae: Brassiceae). Taxon 41:477–483.
  • Scheffler, J. A. & P. J. Dale. 1994. Opportunities for gene transfer from transgenic oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to related species. Transgenic Res. 3:263–278.
  • Siemens, J. 2002. Interspecific hybridisation between wild relatives and Brassica napus to introduce new resistance traits into the oilseed rape gene pool. Czech J. Genet. Pl. Breed. 38:155–157.
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds. Pp. 196–230 in: Singh, R. J. et al., eds., Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
  • Takahata, Y. & K. Hinata. 1983. Studies on cytodemes in subtribe Brassicinae (Cruciferae). Tohoku J. Agric. Res. 33:111–124.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Velasco, L. et al. 1998. Variability for the fatty acid composition of the seed oil in a germplasm collection of the genus Brassica. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:371–382.
  • Warwick, S. I. & C. A. Sauder. 2005. Phylogeny of tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae) based on chloroplast restriction site polymorphisms and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast trnL intron sequences. Canad. J. Bot. 83:467–483.
  • Warwick, S. I. & J. C. Hall. 2009. Chapter 2. Phylogeny of Brassica and wild relatives. Pp. 19–36 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black. 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence. Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81–92.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database].
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data. Pp. 1–91 in: Warwick, S.I. et al., Guide to wild germplasm of Brassica and allied crops (Tribe Brassiceae, Brassicaceae), ed. 3 (on-line resource).


Check other web resources for Brassica fruticulosa Cirillo:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
Jump to BrassicaDB

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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