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Taxon: Ribes rubrum L.

Genus: Ribes subgenus: Ribes section: Ribes
Family: Grossulariaceae
Nomen number: 31860
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:200. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: non Ribes rubrum auct. nonn. (= R. spicatum E. Robson)
Name verified on: 27-Nov-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 32 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘RIBES’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • common currant   (Source: Hortus 3 [as R. sativum]) – English
  • garden currant   (Source: Hortus 3 [as R. sativum]) – English
  • red currant   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • red garden currant   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • white currant   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • hong cha biao zi   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ribs   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Danish
  • groseillier à grappes   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French
  • groseillier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • groseillier rouge   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Ribisel   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • rote Johannisbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • weiße Johannisbeere   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • ribes rosso   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • ribisi   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • aka-suguri   (Source: F JapanOhwi [as R. sativum]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • fusa-suguri   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • smorodina krasnaâ   (Source: F Baltic ) – Transliterated Russian
  • grosellero común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • grosellero rojo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • röda vinbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Cornucopia, as Ribes sativum)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of red currant   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 181. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black currant   (sterile hybrids with R. nigrum produced fide Pl Breed Rev 29:152. 2007)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Weed   (fide Rep NCEPPC)

Distributional range:

    Northern Europe: United Kingdom [possibly native in s.]
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain [possibly native in n.]

    Northern Europe: Denmark; Iceland; Ireland; Norway [s.]; Sweden [s.]
    Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy; Romania; Slovenia
  • widely naturalized elsewhere in temperate regions

  • widely cultivated in temperate regions


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Berger, A. 1924. A taxonomic review of currants and gooseberries. New York Agric. Exp. St. Techn. Bull. 109:14. [accepts for R. spicatum Robson].
  • Brennan, R. M. 2008. Chapter 6. Currants and gooseberries. Pp. 177–196 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. [= R. spicatum Robson].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Heywood, V. H. & D. Zohary. 1995. A catalogue of the wild relatives of cultivated plants native to Europe. Fl. Medit. 5:392.
  • Hummer, K. E. & D. L. Barney. 2002. Currants. HortTechnol. 12:377–387. [this review mentioned that selection of this species occurred in NW Europe].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [in part = R. silvestre (Lam.) Mertens & Koch & R. spicatum Robson].
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). [in part = R. silvestre (Lam.) Mert. & W. D. J. Koch & R. spicatum Robson].
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  • Lanham, P. G. & R. M. Brennan. 1998. Characterization of the genetic resources of redcurrant (Ribes rubrum: subg. Ribesia) using anchored microsatellite markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:917–921.
  • Lanham, P. G. & R. M. Brennan. 2001. Genetic diversity in Ribes. Acta Hort. 546:135–137.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [accepts for R. spicatum Robson].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). [= R. sativum (Rchb.) Syme].
  • Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  • Pikunova, A. V. et al. 2012. Application of the RAPD-analysis for the study of genetic polymorphisms and phylogenetic relationships in the Ribes L. genus. Russian J. Genet. 2:141–151. [this study based on genetic similarities proposed the recognition of Ribes sativum apart from R. rubrum].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Senters, A. E. & D. E. Soltis. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships in Ribes (Grossulariaceae) inferred from ITS sequence data. Taxon 52:51–66.
  • Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Ribes rubrum L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ribes rubrum cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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