USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Solanum viarum Dunal

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Leptostemonum section: Acanthophora
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae.
Nomen number: 317433
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1):240. 1852
Name verified on: 29-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 29-Nov-2010
Species priority site is: Potato Germplasm Introduction Station (NR6).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*°, AR*°, AZ*°, FL*°, GA°, LA°, MA*, MS*°, NC*, PR*, SC°, TN*, TX*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

Common names:

More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Brazil: Brazil - Acre, Amazonas, Espirito Santo, Federal District, Goias, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    Southern South America: Argentina - Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe; Paraguay; Uruguay

      Naturalized:
  • AFRICA
    Africa
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Xizang, Yunnan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal
    Indo-China: Myanmar
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
    United States [s.e.]
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Honduras

References:

  • Bull. Bot. Surv. India 13:224.
  • Solanaceae source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family (on-line resource).
  • Babu, C. R. & F. N. Hepper. 1979. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Solanum khasianum and some of its relatives. Kew Bull. 34:409.
  • Babu, C. R. 1971. The identity of Solanum khasianum Cl. var. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta (Solanaceae). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67:610.
  • Bryson, C. T. & J. D. Byrd, Jr. 1994. Solanum viarum (Solanaceae), new to Mississippi. Sida 16:382.
  • Bryson, C. T. & J. D. Byrd, Jr. 2007. Biology, reproductive potential, and winter survival of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). Weed Technol. 21:791–795.
  • Coile, N. 1993. Tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum Dunal: the plant from hell. Bot. Circ. Div. Pl. Industr. Florida 27:1–4.
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. 255–267 In: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255–267.
  • Deb, D. B. 1979. Solanaceae in India. 105 In: Hawkes, J. G. et al., eds., The biology and taxonomy of the Solanacae. 105.
  • Freire de Varvalho, L. d'A. 1997. Diversidade taxônomica das Solanáceas no estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brasil) - II - Lycianthes e Solanum. Albertoa 4:300.
  • Hosking, J. R. 2010. pers. comm. via e–mail on 31 Aug. [re. occurrence in Australia].
  • Levin, R. A. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships among the "spiny solanums" Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 93:157–169.
  • Miller, L. M. F. & M. E. Davies. 1979. The characteristics of solasodine accumulation in C. B. Clarke var. Chatterjeeanum Sengupta and S. laciniatum Ait. grown under field conditions in Birmingham. 231 In: Hawkes, J. G. et al., eds., The biology and taxonomy of the Solanacae. 231.
  • Mullahey, J. J. 1996. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal), a biological pollutant threatening Florida. Castanea 61:255–260.
  • Nee, M. 1991. Synopsis of Solanum section Acanthophora: a group of interest for glycoalkaloids. 264 In: Hawkes, J. G. et al., eds., Solanaceae III: taxonomy, chemistry, evolution. 264.
  • Nee, M. 1999. Synopsis of Solanum in the New World. 328 In: Nee, M. et al., eds., Solanaceae IV: advances in biology and utilization. 328.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Reed, M. D. et al. 2004. Solanum viarum (Solanaceae) - tropical soda-apple - confirmed from Texas. Sida 21:1171–1174.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Welman, W. G. 2003. The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in southern Africa: subgenus Leptostemonum, the introduced sections Acanthophora and Torva. Bothalia 33:10–11.
  • Whalen, M. D. 1984. Conspectus of species groups in Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum. Gentes Herb. 12:253.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Wunderlin, R. P. et al. 1993. Solanum viarum and S. tampicense (Solanaceae): two weedy species new to Florida and the United States. Sida 15:605–611.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999 [= S. reflexum Schrank].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Solanum viarum Dunal:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?317433 (24 April 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print