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Taxon: Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult.

Genus: Setaria
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paniceae
Nomen number: 317165
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:891. 1817
Comment: = S. glauca auct.
Name verified on: 15-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • cattail grass   (Source: USDA/APHIS [as S. pallide-fusca]) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. subtesselata]
  • pale pigeon grass   (Source: Econ Pl Aust ) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. pumila]
  • pigeon grass   (Source: Blumea 39:381. 1994) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. pumila]
  • pigeon grass   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • Queensland pigeon grass   (Source: Econ Pl Aust [as S. pumila subsp. pallidefusca]) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. subtesselata]
  • yellow bristle grass   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • yellow bristle grass   (Source: Blumea 39:381. 1994) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. pumila]
  • yellow foxtail   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • yellow foxtail   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Setaria pumila subsp. pumila]
  • sétaire glauque   (Source: WorldWeeds [as S. glauca]) – French   [Setaria pumila subsp. pumila]
  • ko-tsubu-kin-enokoro   (Source: F JapanOhwi [as S. pallide-fusca]) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Setaria pumila subsp. subtesselata]

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases   (fide WorldWeeds 763. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests   (fide WorldWeeds 763. 1997)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Atlas WWeed; F Ceylon)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    West Tropical Africa: Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Indochina
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Northern Europe: Sweden
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary
    East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands
    Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
    Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    Australia: Australia; Norfolk Island
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus
    United States
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia; Samoa; Tonga
    Caribbean: Dominica; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Puerto Rico
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador
    Southern South America: Chile; Paraguay - Alto Paraguay




Check other web resources for Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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