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Taxon: Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagr.-Foss.

Genus: Hirschfeldia
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 316897
Place of publication: Fl. Tarn Garonne 19. 1847
Name verified on: 16-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • buchanweed   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • hairy brassica   (Source: Noxweed Aust ) – English
  • hoary mustard   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Mediterranean mustard   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • summer mustard   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • gewöhnlicher Grausenf   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • mostarda-bastarda   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rúcula-bastarda   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007, reporting a successful cross when B. nigra was the female parent)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with B. oleracea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Euphytica 158:213, 217. 2007, based on reports of successful hybridization with B. napus)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia [Islands]; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, Western Cape
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Ryukyu Islands
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: Ireland [e.]; Norway [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part [w.]
    Southeastern Europe: Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Nevada
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay


  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Appel, O. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. 2003. Cruciferae. In: Kubitzki, K., ed., The families and genera of vascular plants 5:126. [= Erucastrum incanum (L.) Koch].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of continental North America.
  • Siemens, J. 2011. Hirschfeldia. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, oilseeds 10:171–176.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Warwick, S. I. & J. C. Hall. 2009. Chapter 2. Phylogeny of Brassica and wild relatives. Pp. 19–36 in: Gupta, S. K., Biology and breeding of Crucifers.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249–258. [lists in database as a synonym of Sinapis incana].
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.


Check other web resources for Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagr.-Foss.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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