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Taxon: Cyperus rotundus L.

Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae subfamily: Cyperoideae tribe: Cypereae.
Nomen number: 316644
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 09-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL°, AR*°, AZ°, CA*°, FL°, GA°, LA°, MS°, NC°, NM°, OK*°, OR*, SC°, TN°, TX°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • coco-grass   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English
  • ground-almond   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Java-grass   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • nut sedge   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • nut-grass   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • purple nut sedge   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • purple nut-grass   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • red nut sedge   (Source: Weed CIBA ) – English
  • sa'ed   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • suo cao   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • xiang fu zi   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • souchet rond   (Source: HerbSpices ) – French
  • knolliges Zypergras   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • hyangbuja   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • alho-bravo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-alho   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • capim-dandá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tiririca-vermelha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • castañuela   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • cipero   (Source: A. Molina, p.c.) – Spanish
  • coquito   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • juncia real   (Source: A. Molina, p.c.) – Spanish
  • nötag   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Western Sahara
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China - Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    North Indian Ocean: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Middle Europe: Austria; Switzerland
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia - Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago
    Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Niue; Tonga
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Anguilla; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

      Other:
  • native status in New World uncertain

References:

  • Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. 1996. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Boggan, J. et al. 1997. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2.
  • Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh. 1993–. Flora of Victoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2.
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson. 2007. World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye. 1983. Sedges and rushes of East Africa.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Harden, G. J., ed. 1990–1993. Flora of New South Wales.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. 1986. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Migahid, A. M. 1988–1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  • Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e–mail on 31 Mar.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:95.
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21.
  • Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. 12(1):228 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):228.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rogers, G. & B. McClain. 1998. The sedges (Cyperaceae) of Barbados. Rhodora 100:398.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis. 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist. Kew Bull. 56:305–306.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1958. Flora of Guatemala. 24(part 1):136.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross. 1983–1989. Flora of south-eastern Queensland.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948–. Flora malesiana.
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995–. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:101–103.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. A:108 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). A:108.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Check other web resources for Cyperus rotundus L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?316644 (01 September 2014)

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